When you read a P0106 trouble code on your scanner, you must wonder what it could mean, and how you can fix it. The answers are all in this article. This is the exact guide you need.
It is a painful truth that no matter the level of maintenance culture you exercise on your vehicle, you are not completely eluded from minor mishaps; the engine checks light coming on for instance, with the error code P0106 always being displayed on your OBD scanner.
So we are going to help understand exactly what the meaning of P0106 is, its symptoms and other relevant information. This should help you get your vehicle back to its prime.
P0106 Code Meaning
P0106 can mean that your BARO (Barometric) Sensor Range or Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor range has found an Issue. This code usually occurs when your powertrain control module (PCM) has indicated that the BARO/MAP sensor readings are wrong.
Your MAP sensor signals ought to fall between 1 to 4.5 volts, which directs back to the powertrain control module, depending on the amount of load your engine is operating at.
Suppose you have the P0106 error code reading on your scanner, then it signifies that the amount of signal goes above or under the specified voltage range for a period.
The P0106 code is termed generic, but the interpretation of the code can differ with various vehicle manufacturers.
Symptoms of the P0106 Trouble Code
The first sign you might notice is the check engine light that comes on. But sooner or later, you will begin to observe some other symptoms, and there’s a high percentage chance of occurrence. Here are the P0106 symptoms that are undeniable.
- Poor Engine Performance
- Rough idling
- Engine Check Light
- Black smoke from the tailpipe
- Low fuel economy
What Causes P0106 Code?
There are various factors that lead to the triggering of the P0106 trouble code, and that is why it is necessary to first run through a proper diagnostic.
However, there are a few causes you will discover when you are faced with this problem.
- Faulty powertrain control module (PCM)
- Vacuum leaks
- Malfunctioning BARO/MAP sensor
- Bad EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system
How Serious is the P0106 Code?
The best action to take when you notice your engine check light suddenly illuminates, and you are reading a P0106 code on your scanner is to stop driving and pull over. Ignoring this issue can lead to further irreparable damages.
Manifold Absolute Pressure sensor failure can cause your throttle to malfunction and that can put your vehicle at risk while on the road. There is also a chance that it would get your motor damaged, and that will highly increase your cost of repair.
What are the Repairs that can fix the P0106 Code?
After you conducted the proper diagnosis, you should be able to figure out how you can fix the P0106 code. These are some common repair strategies used often by a lot of people.
- Changing the Powertrain Control Module or repair
- Change the MAP/BARO sensor
- Repair the vacuum leak
- Fix electrical short
- Repair the EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system
What are the Common P0106 Diagnosis Mistakes?
When it comes to the P0106 trouble code, we discovered that a lot of people just go right into repairing their assumed faulty sensor.
Of course, that is an obvious fix, but you must be sure of the problem first before you begin any repair. Assumptions should not part of the top alternatives.
Instead of the assumption approach, you should examine the system and check for wiring faults. It is also possible that your sensor is contaminated, and all it needs is cleaning or reseating.
How Can I Diagnose The P0106 Trouble Code?
Using a high-quality scanner, you can check the P0106 trouble just as the professionals would.
We always recommend that you start by reviewing your vehicle’s service manual guide.
A lot of drivers don’t do this, but it is very necessary as all vehicles come with different specifications. This is a basic guideline on how to diagnose the P0106 code.
- Inspect all other trouble codes. You can use the freeze frame data for more information.
- Properly check your intake duct and air intake hose for any leaks or cracks. You must ensure that all clamps are secure.
- Check If the wiring and connectors are properly fitted.
- Switch ON the ignition, but you shouldn’t start the engine during this time.
- Using your scan tool, evaluate the data from the MAP sensor. You are supposed to read a voltage drop from 4.5 volts to 1 volt. If you didn’t notice this drop, then there is an issue with the wiring sensor or wiring.
- Test the MAP sensor using a vacuum pump. You must do this without starting the engine. While the engine is off, send 20 inches rate of vacuum pressure to see if there will be any voltage drop. If it doesn’t drop, then you need to clean your hose and port thoroughly before testing.
- To examine the wiring of your MAP sensor, use a multimeter. Touch the wire ends of your multi-meter to your sensor, it should give a 5-volt reading. If this doesn’t come up, then connect to your vehicle’s powertrain control module. But if the connection develops the right voltage, then it might be short.
For anything beyond this process, you have to see a professional mechanic. It is unlikely that your EGR system or the powertrain control module is responsible for the problem.
However, it is a possibility. It requires a high level of technical know-how to handle the extent of the fault.
What is the Cost of Fixing the P0106 Code?
With the right diagnosis, you would be able to detect the faulty parts that need replacement.
Here is an estimate of the labor costs and parts to give you an idea of what your budget should be.
- Change your powertrain control module: $250-$2500
- Electrical short repair: $50-$550
- Replace the BARO/MAP sensor: $75-$250
- Fixing the EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system: $100-$500
Ignoring trouble code warnings can lead to severe damage to your engine system, or the entire vehicle itself. When you get a P0106 error code, you must allocate time to address the issue immediately.
Use the guide provided here and solve the problem.